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Blog

What is a PaaS? A Definitive Guide

paas
12 September, 2023
Platform.sh
Platform.sh

What is a PaaS?

A platform as a service, or PaaS, is one of the three major cloud computing service models. In our opinion,  it’s the only one that successfully delivers all benefits of the cloud to software developers, including control, cost-effectiveness, flexibility, and scalability.

Of course, other as-a-service models are still useful. In fact, all three main cloud computing models offer different advantages to organizations.

Software as a Service, or SaaS, gives you ready-made applications. It’s a popular choice for growth-focused startups, mid-market and enterprise companies, and teams with little to no software development knowledge. On the other hand, Infrastructure as a Service, or IaaS, can be advantageous for those who want more administrative control.  

However, for those who wish to streamline developer workflows, deliver products faster, and lower operational costs (all while enriching customization), a PaaS is the way to go. We’ll tell you why.

An overview of platform as a service

The PaaS cloud computing model has several primary use cases. The most common are: 

  • As an application development platform. Thanks to integrated languages, frameworks and services, developers can use a PaaS to develop, customize, and upgrade cloud-based applications, websites and APIs (application programming interfaces).
  • For agile development and DevOps. A  PaaS is an alternative to DIY Kubernetes. It provides fully configured environments that automate software application lifecycles and management and creates agile development workflows.
  • For analytics and business intelligence (BI). A PaaS often comes equipped with tools that facilitate data analysis and mining. Teams can use this data to identify patterns, anomalies, and trends that drive strategic business decisions.
  • For hosting and infrastructure. Developers don’t have to worry about storage, servers, or any other kind of infrastructure with a PaaS. All of these elements are handled by the provider. Nothing needs to be manually set up, you only need to write your code.

But what is a Platform as a Service exactly, and how does it compare to SaaS?

What is a PaaS in cloud computing?

A PaaS is a cloud computing model where a third-party host provides a business with a complete development and deployment platform. It supplies everything necessary for the development and delivery of web applications, automating the whole pipeline.

These resources enable developers to develop, deploy, and manage everything from simple, small-scale applications or websites to advanced and highly customized experiences. 

A PaaS can support the entire development lifecycle, from building and testing to the continuous maintenance and updating of applications. This can help clients avoid the expense, inflexibility, and labor-intensiveness of installing and maintaining resources.

In other words, PaaS providers such as Platform.sh build a platform so you don’t have to. They take on the associated costs, time, and risk—all while shouldering the responsibility of ensuring your app or site is available and a working infrastructure is maintained.

PaaS, IaaS, and SaaS

So, now you have an idea of what a PaaS is and how it works, but how does it compare to the two other main cloud computing models on the market: IaaS and SaaS?

IaaS

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) provides businesses with the backend IT resources they need (networks, servers, and storage) to manage workloads in the cloud.   

IaaS provides a general data center for storage and dynamic scaling capabilities. It can support volatile or evolving applications, and it’s a viable solution for businesses experiencing unpredictable or rapid growth but lacking the finances to invest in backend IT hardware. 

Like other as-a-service models, it’s a good choice for companies looking to migrate away from the labor intensity of maintaining on-premise resources.  

However, IaaS is the most demanding of these three models. It only delivers infrastructure, leaving you responsible for operating systems, applications, middleware tools, and runtime. Plus, there’s no automation. Even for the most capable teams, this can be a significant drain on labor costs and productivity. 

So, if you opt for IaaS exclusively, it should only be because your business goals require extremely high levels of administrative control.

SaaS

Software as a Service (SaaS) refers to a model in which third parties build applications and deliver them to buyers via the internet as either a web application or a downloadable app.

With no restrictions on device or location, SaaS is incredibly popular with global and remote teams. Applications are painless to set up independently and facilitate collaborative working.   

Delivering feature-rich, ready-made applications for everything from email, office, and video conferencing to tax and project management, the productivity, workflow, and time-to-value benefits of SaaS are plentiful. 

However, SaaS’s ease of use and efficiency come at a cost. Not only do you have no administrative control, but SaaS offers very little in the way of customizability. Its integration capabilities also remain limited.   

It’s also vital to remember that just because you use a piece of software, it doesn’t mean you own it. The SaaS provider has complete ownership of the system and your overall control of everything - including data - is severely limited. 

If you want any degree of control over your application, either PaaS or IaaS would be a better fit.

PaaS

So, how does a PaaS compare to the other as-a-service models?  

A PaaS sits in the center of the cloud computing stack, acting as a middle-ground between IaaS and SaaS. It delivers the customization and flexibility of IaaS but streamlines workflows and improves time-to-market in a similar way to SaaS.   

As a result, DevOps teams can maximize their productivity. Unlike IaaS clients, they’re freed from the burden of OS management, software patching, load balancing, and other tasks. But they can also innovate, which is something SaaS clients can’t do.  

If you’re curious to learn more , check out this video that explains 10 reasons you need a modern PaaS for your business.

Benefits of a PaaS: From cost-efficiency to scalability

Curious to know what using a PaaS in cloud computing can do for your business? Then let’s explore some of the most valuable benefits, starting with a favorite: scalability. 

Scalability

Some platforms require you to anticipate growth and scale up by buying expensive additional tooling. But if you don’t achieve that sustainable growth you expected, you end up with idle resources that drain cash flows and productivity, and that can seriously limit your operative productivity and reduce your bottom line.  

With a PaaS, you can purchase additional resources as you experience traffic spikes and deploy these for immediate effectiveness. If your traffic drops again, you can automatically scale back down with zero hassle.

Moreover, a PaaS allows this scalability to be applied across multiple apps and websites when needed. Multi-app scaling makes using a PaaS particularly efficient for businesses with several apps or a fleet of websites.

End-to-end cost-efficiency

Hosting requires significant capital investment into multiple resources. PaaS consolidates these resources and delivers them via one pay-as-you-grow model, meaning that start-ups and small businesses can forgo the expenses that come with building their own platform.

While IaaS is also cost-effective, it can generate unexpected costs if you’re not careful.

But unlike IaaS, PaaS providers handle maintenance, security patches, and updates, which reduces labor costs and other expenses that can creep up, like tooling costs. 

 Improved productivity and time efficiency

Having immediate access to a fully equipped development environment empowers developers to build high-quality applications faster and more reliably. Without the need to build, install, and configure a backend infrastructure, your developers can seamlessly integrate with the development environment.

This enables them to get started straight away, speeding up your time-to-market.

Greater flexibility

Developers can access the shared software development environment from any location, improving remote working accessibility and collaborative productivity. 

No vendor lock-in

Advanced PaaS providers are cloud-agnostic solutions. Platform.sh, for example, is a multi-cloud option that uses open-source software to allow teams to migrate and operate workloads to different vendors without needing to undergo refactoring.

Built-in security and compliance

Abiding by strict security, privacy, and compliance requirements is a struggle with on-premise and even IaaS solutions. PaaS providers relieve you of this labor-intensive task by providing built-in security and compliance features across your cloud environment. 

Armed with compliance certifications, encryptions, access controls, patching, updates, and a host of other security measures, you can achieve reliable technical and organizational-level security.

Platform-as-a-service examples

There are various types of PaaS solutions to choose from, depending on your business goals. As you research PaaS services, consider factors such as how flexible and secure they are, their range of technical capabilities, and whether they can scale in response to fluctuating needs.  

One of the most significant elements to deliberate on is how specialized you want your PaaS to be. You might find that opting for a provider dedicated to a specific language, framework, or CMS proves too rigid in the long run. More often than not, it’s better to be flexible, and a broader solution such as Platform.sh can help keep you limber and adaptable.

Check out these five considerations for choosing a modern PaaS or the ultimate PaaS guide for more insights.

Platform.sh is a multi-cloud, polyglot PaaS with built-in and continuous deployment that outshines the competition when it comes to delivering flexibility. Developers can efficiently create customized and innovative applications using their favorite framework or language, unburdened by infrastructure maintenance.  

Our PaaS is put through an annual SOC 2 Type 2 examination to assess its security, privacy, and availability. We’re compliant with data privacy regulations, including GDPR, PIPEDA, and BDSG. We’ve also achieved PCI DSS Level 1 compliance for our PaaS hosted on Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP).  

Our auto-redundant, Git-driven architecture is SSL-secured and uses strict permissions and access management, such as the principle of least privilege and two-factor authentication.

Key PaaS solutions to consider

So, what should you look for in a modern cloud Platform-as-a-Service solution? While your needs will vary depending on your business, there are a few essential features to look out for. 

Design, testing, and development tools

First and foremost, look at the development tools offered by the PaaS provider. As a rule, it should provide an integrated toolchain of all the essential tools you need to successfully build an application, including a source code editor, debugger, and compiler. 

Observability

Optimal performance and user experience for your websites and applications are crucial. The observability tools offered by a PaaS provider should give you actionable insights to improve your code and supply comprehensive performance monitoring. They should provide you with a real-time view of your resource usage and offer flexible scaling. 

Security and compliance

Your PaaS solution must help you keep your website or application safe, secure, and available at all times. It should offer protection from cyberattacks and comply with the numerous data security and privacy standards worldwide. Consider how your prospective provider handles data retention and backups and recoveries. Make sure your chosen solution takes security and compliance as seriously as you do.

Databases

A PaaS should have centralized database management capabilities and tools. It also allows developers to create, query, and maintain databases.

Infrastructure

A PaaS should have the same infrastructure offerings as IaaS: supplying and maintaining storage, servers, and network components. 

Scale your apps with a preferred PaaS—Platform.sh

Effortlessly develop, deploy, and scale your enterprise-grade websites and applications with Platform.sh—a unified and secure multi-cloud scalable PaaS.  

We believe it’s critical for companies to develop agile fitness in 2023’s fast-paced business climate. We offer robust PaaS protection, future-proofing your enterprise in the face of uncertainty.

Along with a fully-built infrastructure, our solution handles everything from data management to provisioning, auto-scaling, testing, observability, and security. 

Unlike many other PaaS providers, Platform.sh is a polyglot, multi-cloud platform. We support more than 100 frameworks and 10 programming languages, so you can build exactly how you want.  PHP? Java? React? Ruby? Drupal? If you can name it, you can build with it.

Eliminating the need to build and manage infrastructure allows you to leverage faster deployment, sustainable scaling, and innovative, collaborative development. Instead of worrying about infrastructure, your developers can concentrate on what matters most—creating incredible applications that meet your customers’ needs.

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